About this journal

Advances in Cognitive Psychology (ACP) is an open access, peer-reviewed scientific journal covering all areas and aspects of human cognitive psychology, including, but not limited to, perception, attention, memory, social cognition, and language processing in behavioral, cognitive, psychophysiological, and neuropsychological perspectives, as well as in computer- and modeling-based science. We welcome original empirical and theoretical articles, as well as replications, reports of null findings, and literature reviews. ACP also promotes and encourages open science, pre-registration of study and is a peer community in registered reports (PCI RR) - friendly journal. We are also indexed in a range of major databases, including PubMed, Scopus, JCR, and PsycINFO.

Current Issue

Issue 3 Online: 30 September 2021

Auditory Attentional Load Modulates Audiovisual Integration During Auditory/Visual Discrimination

pp. 193-202
First published on 25 July 2021 | DOI:10.5709/acp-0328-0
Yanna Ren, Nengwu Zhao, Junyuan Li, Junhao Bi, Tao Wang, Weiping Yang
Corresponding author:
Weiping Yang, Department of Psychology, Faculty of Education, Hubei University, Wuhan, 430062, China.
Email: swywp@163.com
Ren, Y., Zhao, N., Li, J., Bi, J., Wang, T., & Yang, W. (2021). Auditory attentional load modulates audiovisual integration during auditory/visual discrimination. Advances in Cognitive Psychology, 17(3), 193-202. https://doi.org/10.5709/acp-0328-0

Attention modulates numerous stages of audiovisual integration, and studies have shown that audiovisual integration is higher in attended conditions than in unattended conditions. However, attentional resources are limited for each person, and it is not yet clear how audiovisual integration changes under different attentional loads. Here, we explored how auditory attentional load affects audiovisual integration by applying an auditory/visual discrimination task to evaluate audiovisual integration and a rapid serial auditory presentation (RSAP) task to manipulate auditory attentional resources. The results for peak benefit and positive area under the curve of different probability showed that audiovisual integration was highest in the low attentional load condition and lowest in the high attentional load condition (low > no = medium > high). The peak latency and time window revealed that audiovisual integration was delayed as the attentional load increased (no < low < medium < high). Additionally, audiovisual depression was found in the no, medium, and high attentional load conditions but not in the low attentional load condition. These results suggest that mild auditory attentional load increases audiovisual integration, and high auditory attentional load decreases audiovisual integration.

Keywords: audiovisual integration, attentional load, auditory attention, discrimination task, race model

Task Interference in Prospective Memory: Adopting a Retrieval Mode and Checking for Targets

pp. 203-211
First published on 23 August 2021 | DOI:10.5709/acp-0329-x
Melissa J. Guynn
Corresponding author:
Melissa J. Guynn, Department of Psychology, MSC 3452, New Mexico State University, P.O. Box 30001, Las Cruces, NM 88003-8001
Email: mguynn@nmsu.edu
Guynn, M. J. (2021). Task interference in prospective memory: Adopting a retrieval mode and checking for targets. Advances in Cognitive Psychology, 17(3), 203-211. https://doi.org/10.5709/acp-0329-x

Embedding a prospective memory task in an ongoing activity can interfere with performance of that ongoing activity. One explanation of this task interference is that it entails (a) adopting a retrieval mode or readiness to encounter the targets that indicate when to perform the intended action and (b) checking the environment for those targets. An experiment using a new method is reported and provides evidence for these processes. On control trials, participants performed just the ongoing activity (a short-term memory task combined with a 4-choice RT task). On experimental trials, a prospective memory task (press the Enter key if certain words appear in the short-term memory task) was embedded in the ongoing activity. Evidence for adopting a retrieval mode came from finding slower RT task performance on control trials when participants had already been instructed about the prospective memory task than when they had not yet been so instructed. Evidence for target checking came from finding slower RT task performance on experimental trials when a target could appear in any one of five locations than in just one location.

Keywords: prospective memory, task interference, retrieval mode, target checking

Prospective and Retrospective Verbal Time Estimation in Children with ADHD

pp. 212-220
First published on 23 August 2021 | DOI:10.5709/acp-0330-y
Marco Walg, Helmut Prior
Corresponding author:
Marco Walg, Zentrum für seelische Gesundheit des Kindes- und Jugendalters, Sana-Klinikum Remscheid, Weststraße 103, 42119, Wuppertal, Germany
Email: marco.walg@sana.de
Walg, M., & Prior, H. (2021). Prospective and retrospective verbal time estimation in children with ADHD. Advances in Cognitive Psychology, 17(3), 212-220. https://doi.org/10.5709/acp-0330-y

There is increasing evidence that timing deficits represent a primary cause of key symptoms in ADHD. However, results in experiments on timing may vary with different methods of assessing timing competencies. The present study directly compared two central paradigms, namely, prospective and retrospective time estimation in children with (n = 30) and without (n = 29) ADHD. In both conditions, durations were estimated considerably longer by children with ADHD. Children with ADHD significantly overestimated the real duration of the task compared to children without ADHD in the retrospective but not in the prospective condition. In general, prospective estimates were more accurate than retrospective ones. The findings corroborate the essential role that timing deficits and a faster internal clock play in ADHD. Furthermore, the results demonstrate the importance of careful differentiation between prospective and retrospective time estimation.

Keywords: ADHD, time processing, verbal time estimation

Tasks financed by the Ministry of Science and Higher Education on the basis of the contract no. 801/P-DUN/2018 out of the funds designed for activities promoting science: Preparation and editing of English versions of articles, Financing foreign Editors-in-Chief, Dissemination of publications and increasing their accessibility to a broad range of readers, Creation of the XML conversion platform to improve the access to the articles (2018-2019).

Zadania finansowane w ramach umowy 801/P-DUN/2018 ze środków Ministra Nauki i Szkolnictwa Wyższego przeznaczonych na działalność upowszechniającą naukę: Finansowanie zagranicznych redaktorów naczelnych; Przygotowanie i edycja anglojęzycznych publikacji; Upowszechnianie publikacji i ułatwianie dostępu do nich szerokiemu gronu odbiorców; Utworzenie nowej platformy do udostępniania artykułów.