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Volume 18 Issue 2 (2022)

General and Illness-Specific Predictors of Adaptation to Chronic Illnesses: Cognitive Appraisals and Illness-related Beliefs

pp. 85-105
First published on 17 May 2022 | DOI:10.5709/acp-0355-x
Daniel Pankowski, Kinga Wytrychiewicz-Pankowska, Konrad Janowski, Ewa Pisula, Andrzej Mariusz Fal
Corresponding author:

Daniel Pankowski, Faculty of Psychology, University of Economics and Human Sciences in Warsaw, Warsaw, Poland; Faculty of Psychology, University of Warsaw, Warsaw, Poland.


Pankowski, D., Wytrychiewicz-Pankowska, K., Janowski, K., Pisula, E., & Fal, A. M. (2022). General and illness-specific predictors of adaptation to chronic illness: Cognitive appraisals and illness-related beliefs. Advances in Cognitive Psychology, 18(2), 85-105.

The literature indicates that cognitive appraisals and illness-related beliefs are key cognitive factors that affect the outcome of psychological adaptation to chronic illness. The main aim of the current study was to identify which cognitive appraisals and illness-related beliefs are the best predictors of adaptation to living with chronic illness as well as which of these predictors are universal, and which are illness-specific. Data was collected online from 505 panel study participants who reported diagnoses of rheumatoid arthritis, asthma, hypothyroidism, diabetes, and hypertension. Adaptation indicators (i.e., depressive symptoms and level of acceptance of living with the illness) differed significantly across samples with different medical diagnoses. Additionally, illness-related cognitive appraisals, but not illness-related beliefs, had a statistically significant specific contribution to explaining the variance in adaptation indicators. The predictors of adaptation to living with chronic illness differ between the diagnoses and the adaptation indicators. The results can contribute to a better matching of therapeutic interventions as well as social campaigns aimed at people suffering from chronic illnesses.

Keywords: cognitive appraisals illness-related beliefs, depressive symptoms, acceptance of living with the disease adaptation

Psychophysiological Responses to Still vs. Animated Pictures With Different Levels of Emotional Valence

pp. 106-112
First published on 17 May 2022 | DOI:10.5709/acp-0352-2
Jiawei Liu
Corresponding author:

Jiawei Liu, School of Journalism and Communication, Jinan University, Guangzhou, China.


Liu, J. (2022). Psychophysiological responses to still vs. animated pictures with different levels of emotional valence. Advances in Cognitive Psychology, 18(2), 106-112.

With the rapid development of multimedia and Internet technologies, understanding what visual contexts are well-received among viewers is important for message designers and visual practitioners. This study investigated the effects of valence (positive vs. negative), picture type (animated vs. still), and their interaction effect on attention, motivational intensity (sympathetic arousal), memory sensitivity and judgment. Eighty-seven participants in a mixed factorial design experiment were exposed to six pictures that were either animated or still. Results indicated that animated pictures led to greater attention and motivational intensity than still ones. Negative pictures also elicited greater motivational intensity but were less remembered than positive ones. Additionally, people exhibited greater sympathetic arousal when processing negative animated pictures than other types of pictures. Implications are also discussed.

Keywords: animation attention motivational intensity ad recognition psychology of technology

Tasks financed by the Ministry of Science and Higher Education on the basis of the contract no. 801/P-DUN/2018 out of the funds designed for activities promoting science: Preparation and editing of English versions of articles, Financing foreign Editors-in-Chief, Dissemination of publications and increasing their accessibility to a broad range of readers, Creation of the XML conversion platform to improve the access to the articles (2018-2019).

Zadania finansowane w ramach umowy 801/P-DUN/2018 ze środków Ministra Nauki i Szkolnictwa Wyższego przeznaczonych na działalność upowszechniającą naukę: Finansowanie zagranicznych redaktorów naczelnych; Przygotowanie i edycja anglojęzycznych publikacji; Upowszechnianie publikacji i ułatwianie dostępu do nich szerokiemu gronu odbiorców; Utworzenie nowej platformy do udostępniania artykułów.