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Volume 18 Issue 4 (2022) | IN PRESS

Special Issue - Future Directions in the Psychology of Music

The Neurochemistry of Instrumental Improvisation in Adults: A Feasibility and Pilot Study

Edward A. Roth, John M. Spitsbergen, Alberto F. Cintrón-Colón
Roth, E. A., Spitsbergen, J. M., & Cintrón-Colón, A. F. (2022). The neurochemistry of instrumental improvisation in adults: A feasibility and pilot study. Advances in Cognitive Psychology, 18(3), 1-10.

This study examined the molecular underpinnings of group instrumental music improvisation as well as verbal improvisation in musicians and nonmusicians using blood-based measurements of oxytocin, vasopressin, dopamine, and cortisol, with verbal improvisation serving as a control. All participants (N = 8) were able to successfully complete study tasks as directed and tolerate the blood draws. On average, regardless of musicianship status, males had a greater and directionally divergent change in cortisol when compared to females (males M = -.033; females M = .025) after improvising musically (p < .04). Males also had a significant difference between the decrease in cortisol after music improvisation (M = -.033) compared to an increase in cortisol after verbal improvisation (M = .026; p < .01). The current investigation provided promising results regarding the ability of the study design and procedures to yield useful information when bringing the study to scale with a sufficiently powered sample indicating potential sex and modality based differences.

Keywords: music neurochemical improvisation bonding oxytocin

Music Performance Anxiety Inventory for Adolescents: Psychometric properties of the Portuguese version

Pedro Dias, Maria João Batista, Sofia Serra, Lurdes Veríssimo, Patrícia Oliveira-Silva, Daniela Coimbra
Dias, P., Batista, M. J., Serra, S., Veríssimo, L., Oliveira-Silva, & Coimbra, D. (2022). Music Performance Anxiety Inventory for adolescents: Psychometric properties of the Portugese version. Advances in Cognitive Psychology, 18(4), 11-15.

The aim of the current study was to develop the Portuguese version of the Music Performance Anxiety Inventory for Adolescents (MPAI-A) and to examine its psychometric properties with a sample of 161 adolescent music students in Portugal. Participants completed the Portuguese version of the MPAI-A, the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory for Children, and a sociodemographic questionnaire. The MPAI-A psychometric properties were examined for validity and reliability. A two-factor structure was identified through Exploratory Factor Analysis: F1-Music Performance Anxiety cognitive and somatic symptoms; F2-Performance. Concurrent and known-group validity were established, and reliability scores were appropriate for the dimensions and total score. Results provide initial evidence of the appropriateness of the Portuguese version of the MPAI-A. Practical implications are discussed and future studies with this instrument are suggested.

Keywords: music performance anxiety, assessment, MPAI-A, adolescents, validation, psychometric properties

Tasks financed by the Ministry of Science and Higher Education on the basis of the contract no. 801/P-DUN/2018 out of the funds designed for activities promoting science: Preparation and editing of English versions of articles, Financing foreign Editors-in-Chief, Dissemination of publications and increasing their accessibility to a broad range of readers, Creation of the XML conversion platform to improve the access to the articles (2018-2019).

Zadania finansowane w ramach umowy 801/P-DUN/2018 ze środków Ministra Nauki i Szkolnictwa Wyższego przeznaczonych na działalność upowszechniającą naukę: Finansowanie zagranicznych redaktorów naczelnych; Przygotowanie i edycja anglojęzycznych publikacji; Upowszechnianie publikacji i ułatwianie dostępu do nich szerokiemu gronu odbiorców; Utworzenie nowej platformy do udostępniania artykułów.